The Military Academy „General Mihailo Apostolski“ Skopje, Associate member of the University „Goce Delcev“ Stip, Republic of North Macedonia in partnership with GLAVNA DIREKTSIA POJARNA BEZOPASNOST I ZASHTITA NA NASELENIETO, Sofia, Bulgaria; DUCOR „Partenija Zografski“, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia; ASOCIACION IT SOLUTIONS FOR ALL, Malaga, Spain and OU „Stiv Naumov“, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia has developed an application and is working on the implementation of the ERASMUS + project “PREvention of DIsasters ICT (Informatic and Computer Technology) PREDICT”.
Disasters vary in nature and magnitude, and there is a need to capture knowledge, experiences of previous disasters, lessons learned, and to promote the culture of disaster risk prevention within the community.
Education about disasters needs to be a part of every individual’s cultural heritage, and the development of appropriate knowledge, values, attitudes, and habits should be encouraged from early childhood, and be inclusive. Education, public awareness and training are the cornerstones of approaches aimed at reducing vulnerabilities to natural hazards.
It is fundamental to include vulnerable social groups such as children, youth, and persons with disabilities in every stage of the disaster risk management and build stronger community resilience. Very often these groups are neglected or the necessary and needed attention is not provided. Also, it is crucial to maintain a sustainable impetus among all the actors in every country from the civil societies to the governments, from the local organizations to the international organizations, with the HEI, the private sector and with the organizations and public bodies-schools, work with people with disabilities included. If Disaster Risk Management (DRM) legislation, drills, training, awareness raising activities are not inclusive, then 10-12% of the affected population might neither be prepared for a disaster, nor receive emergency services after a disaster happens.
The disaster response and rescue operations require lots of money (6-7 Euros saved in response for 1 Euro invested in prevention, according to DG ECHO). The use of new technologies increases the quality of disaster risk prevention. In the new era of Information Technology (IT), the development of Augmentative reality (AR), technology plays an important role when it comes to training responding to disasters and when addressing the disaster risk management, specifically in disaster risk awareness raising. In the digital area, OER, gamification content is the key for gaining knowledge for disaster risk management for pupils (including those with disabilities).
It is also recognized that disasters in the aftermath have a huge emotional impact. Risk awareness can be more effective, if it is not seen only as a technical/ practical event, but more as a potential and very strong emotional life-event. In today’s world, easily accessible and popular short film making is used a tool to address this emotional part of disaster awareness raising.
The project contributes to the implementation of United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (Sendai Framework) and of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development addressing international incentives at the international level.
The general objective for this project is:
Empowerment of an inclusive access and non-discriminatory participation of children, youth and persons with disability in disaster risk prevention and incorporation of disaster risk knowledge in formal and informal education through creating novel approach in training of children, youth and persons with disability, using OER and gamification. Improvement of cross-sectors disaster risk reduction for children, youth and persons with disabilities with an all-inclusive approach by relevant institutions, making connections between HEI, schools, local authorities.
Context and objectives
Education about disasters needs to be a part of every individual’s cultural heritage and the development of appropriate curricula and methodologies for education and training, as well as values, attitudes and habits that should be encouraged from early childhood and be inclusive.
Education, public awareness and training are the cornerstones of the approaches aimed at reducing vulnerabilities to natural hazards.
It is fundamental to include vulnerable social groups such as children, youth and persons with disabilities in every stage of the disaster risk management and build stronger community resilience.
Very often these groups are neglected or the necessary and needed attention is not provided. Also, it is crucial to maintain a sustainable impetus among all the actors in every country from the civil societies to the governments, from the local organizations to the international organizations, with the academies, the private sector and with the organizations including people with disabilities.
The main idea of this project proposal is to develop new curricula, methodologies for education, web application and games for training children, youth and persons with disabilities in disasters prevention and emergency response.
These curricula, methodologies for education, web application and games will be available and will be made according to the needs of people with disabilities (for visually impaired people audio and Braille materials will be produced, whereas for hearing impaired persons materials in sign language will be distributed.
It is necessary to develop intellectual outputs (IO) within the project from which the final products of the project will arise.
The first IO will refer to conducting comparative analysis, group interviews and case studies in partner countries to draw up specifications for the curricula and methodologies for education and development of games and exercises for disaster risk response for children, youth and persons with disabilities (materials will be available in audio and braille alphabet formats), the applicant organization will be the leader of the activity, together with the representatives of the associate partners – will work on creating and developing these curricula and methodologies for education in disasters prevention and emergency response; as well as a questionnaire regarding the legal system connected with disaster risk prevention in EU countries, with a special accent on disabled persons.
The second IO refers to the development of a web application, OER where all materials and tools will be posted.
The third IO refers to the creation of a mobile application in the form of a quiz and multi-level interactive Games & Exercises for using disasters prevention and emergency response procedures, using the results from the first IO and respect the needs of children, youth and persons with disabilities, materials will be made so that they will be available for visually impaired people who will be able to use it via a voice program.
All these materials (tools) through the dissemination process will be available all over Europe and shared via European tools for didactic materials (EPALE, School gateway, e-twinning etc.).
During the project, Train the Trainers training will be organized in disasters prevention and emergency responds. Furthermore, multiplier events will be organized in each country where all the project results will be shared with relevant stakeholders.